Tallinn Digital Summit 2018 took place on 15-16 October 2018. The focus of the summit was on how artificial intelligence and free-moving data can be wielded in the service of our digital states, economies and societies. Discussions revolved around the following themes:

  • Opportunities for AI: How can our governments, economies and societies prepare for artificial intelligence? How will AI affect the way we lead, govern, and serve in the public sector?
  • Diffusing the risks and challenges of digitalisation: How can we ensure trust in digital services? How can we prepare for jobs and skills that the AI era will demand?
  • Cross-border access, use and trade of data: what are the best possible cross-border data flows and data policies? How to structure global data access, reuse and sharing in a way that improves goods and services while addressing privacy and policy concerns?


Tallinn Digital Summit 2018 was attended by delegations from the following nations:

Denmark, Head of Delegation Mr Martin Præstegaard, Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of Finance

Estonia, Head of Delegation Mr Jüri Ratas, Prime Minister of Estonia

France, Head of Delegation Mr Florian Bachelier, 1st Quaestor of the French Parliament

Finland, Head of Delegation Mrs Anna-Maija Karjalainen, Director-General, Public Service ICT, Ministry of Finance

Germany, Head of Delegation Dr Günter Krings, Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community

Ireland, Head of Delegation Mr Pat Breen, Minister of State for Trade, Employment, Business, EU Digital Single Market and Data Protection

Japan, Head of Delegation Mr Takuya Hirai, Minister of Information Technology Policy

Latvia, Head of Delegation Mr Rinalds Muciņš, State Secretary of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and Regional Development

Lithuania, Head of Delegation Mr Elijus Čivilis, Vice Minister of Economy

New Zealand, Head of Delegation Dr Megan Woods, Minister for Digital Government

Republic of Korea, Head of Delegation Mr Kim Boo-kyum, Minister of the Interior and Safety

Singapore, Head of Delegation Dr Janil Puthucheary, Senior Minister of State, Minister in charge of GovTech

Sweden, Head of Delegation Mr Peter Eriksson, Minister for Housing and Digital Development, Ministry of Enterprise and Innovation

Uruguay, Head of Delegation Dr Guillermo Moncecchi, Deputy Minister for Industry, Energy and Mining

United Kingdom, Head of Delegation Lord Ashton, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State, Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport

European Commission, Head of Delegation Mr Andrus Ansip, Vice President


Conclusions of Tallinn Digital Summit 2018 can be accessed here

Briefing notes for Tallinn Digital Summit 2018

Briefing note on AI in Governments by the Centre for Public Impact.
Download: TDS2018-Briefing_Note-AI-in-Governments.pdf

Briefing note on Responsible, Safe and Secure Artificial Intelligence by Luukas Ilves, the Lisbon Council.
Download: TDS2018 BriefingNote_Responsible, Safe and Secure AI

Briefing note on the Promise and Challenge of the Age of Artificial Intelligence by the McKinsey Global Institute.
Download: TDS2018 BriefingNote-The Promise and Challenge of the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Briefing note on AI & Trade Policy by Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, the European Centre for International Political Economy.
Download: TDS2018 BriefingNote_AI_Trade_Policy


Speakers at Tallinn Digital Summit 2018

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Adrian Brown

Session: How to make AI work in governments and for the people?

Adrian is the Executive Director of the Centre for Public Impact which he helped to found in 2015. He is a regular commentator on public policy and government effectiveness and has 20 years experience working with governments, NGOs and social sector organisations around the world.

Prior to CPI, Adrian was a Principal in the London office of the Boston Consulting Group where he specialised in a range of topics including commissioning strategies, organisational design, cost reduction and digital transformation. He is a global expert on impact investing and is the author of several influential reports on the topic including The First Billion, a forecast of social investment demand in the UK.

Prior to joining BCG, Adrian was a Fellow at the Institute for Government where he led a wide range of high profile projects. For example, he co-authored System Error, the Institute’s report on Government IT many of the recommendations of which have subsequently been incorporated into the UK Government ICT strategy. Adrian remains an Associate at the Institute.

Adrian has also worked in the UK Cabinet Office, including two years in the Prime Minister’s Delivery Unit (PMDU). He also spent just over a year in 10 Downing Street reporting to Jonathan Powell, Tony Blair’s Chief of Staff.

Adrian holds an MBA from the Harvard Business School where he was a Baker Scholar. He also holds an MA in Management Studies from Cambridge University.

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Danny Buerkli

Session: (1) AI-driven Government

Danny is the Programme Director at the Centre for Public Impact (CPI), a not-for-profit foundation funded by The Boston Consulting Group. CPI is dedicated to improving the positive impact of governments around the world. In his role, Danny oversees the foundation’s research activities and many of its government engagements. He has written and published on numerous topics of government and public administration, including on the impact of Artificial Intelligence on policymaking, on the use of service design in government and on government effectiveness.

Danny has been with the Centre for Public Impact since its launch. Prior to joining CPI he worked in think tanks and as a strategy consultant in BCG’s Berlin office where he focused on digital innovation. Danny holds an MA in international policy studies from Stanford, where he was a Fulbright Scholar and a Graduate Fellow at the Center for International Conflict and Negotiation. He also holds a Certificate in Innovation and Entrepreneurship from Stanford’s Graduate School of Business.

Danny enjoys reading, playing improv theatre and trail running in the Alps.

Greg Corrado

Greg Corrado

Session: Anatomy of an AI revolution

Greg Corrado is a Principal Scientist and the Director of Augmented Intelligence Research at Google, and the co-founder of the Google Brain Team.  He works at the nexus of artificial intelligence, computational neuroscience, and scalable machine learning, and has published in fields ranging from behavioral economics, to particle physics, to deep learning.  In his time at Google he has worked to put AI directly into the hands of users via products like RankBrain and SmartReply, and into the hands of developers via opensource software releases like TensorFlow and word2vec.  He currently leads several research efforts in advanced applications of machine learning, ranging from natural human communication to expanded healthcare availability. Before coming to Google, he worked at IBM Research on neuromorphic silicon devices and large-scale neural simulations.  He did his graduate studies in both Neuroscience and in Computer Science at Stanford University, and his undergraduate work in Physics at Princeton University.


Hosuk Lee-Makiyama

Session: Working lunch for Heads of Delegations on Data&Trade

Hosuk Lee-Makiyama is Director of ECIPE (European Centre for International Political Economy), a Brussels-based think tank on global economic issues.

He is regularly consulted by the G7 governments and all the principal international organisations on trade, including WTO, World Bank and OECD. He has appeared as an expert witness in the US Congress, European Parliament, UK House of Commons and other assemblies, and comments regularly in Financial Times, BBC, Reuters, CCTV and other international media.

He is a regular commentator on EU trade policy, and has successfully advocated several “impossible” trade negotiations across Asia-Pacific. He has been working on digitalisation since 2008 on issues relating to surveillance, privacy and online platforms long before they became public topics. In 2012, he was named “one of the 20 most influential people for an open internet” by the readers of the Guardian (UK) for challenging China’s internet censorship under international trade law.

Lee-Makiyama is also a Senior Fellow of London School of Economics in International Relations. Prior to ECIPE, he served briefly in the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, representing the EU Presidency of 2009 towards the EU, WTO and the UN. He tweets sardonically (and not very well) as @leemakiyama.

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Jack Clark

Session: AI: where we are, where we’re going and what policy makers can do to ensure that where we’re going is good

Jack Clark is the strategy and communications director for OpenAI, an AI research and development organization. At OpenAI, Jack leads the organization’s efforts around AI policy and regularly meets with politicians and VIPs across the world. He also sits on the steering committee of the AI Index, an initiative from the Stanford One Hundred Year Study on AI to track and analyze AI progress. Additionally, Jack is a member of the Center for a New American Security (CNAS) Task Force on AI and National Security. This year he participated in the 2018 ‘Assembly’ program on ethics and governance in AI at the MIT Media Lab and Berkman Klein Center at Harvard. Jack spends a lot of time thinking about the potentially destabilizing effects of rapid technological progression and is one of the co-authors of ‘The Malicious Use of Artificial Intelligence: Forecasting, Prevention, and Mitigation.” He writes a weekly newsletter about cutting-edge AI research and applications called Import AI , which is read by more than fifteen thousand experts worldwide.

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James Manyika

Session: The promise and challenge of the age of artificial intelligence

James Manyika is a senior partner at McKinsey and chairman of the McKinsey Global Institute. Based in Silicon Valley, James has worked with the chief executives and founders of many of the world’s leading technology companies. He has also led research on the digital economy, future of work, as well as inclusive growth and productivity.  James was appointed by President Obama as vice chair of the Global Development Council at the White House and by US Commerce Secretaries to the Digital Economy Board and National Innovation Board. He serves on the boards of the Council on Foreign Relations, MacArthur Foundation, and Hewlett Foundation. He is also on the advisory boards of the Oxford Internet Institute, MIT’s Initiative on the Digital Economy and the Stanford-based 100-Year Study on AI and a fellow at DeepMind. James was a member of the Robotics Research Lab at Oxford, a visiting scientist at NASA Jet Propulsion Labs, a faculty exchange fellow at MIT. A Rhodes Scholar, James received his DPhil. MSc. MA. from Oxford in Robotics, Mathematics and Computer Science.

Jüri Ratas

Jüri Ratas

Session: Summit opening

Prime Minister Jüri Ratas, leader of the Estonian Centre Party, is the head of the Government of the Republic of Estonia since 23 November 2016.


Kai Härmand

Session: Do we need to regulate algorithms?

Ms Kai Härmand is  the Deputy Secretary General at the Estonian Ministry of Justice. Previously she has worked at the court of first instance as a civil judge, specialising on intellectual property rights and obligation law. It is her task to ensure that Government’s Action Plan in her area of responsibility is fulfilled. Legislative Policy Department drafts bills for the government and supports their subsequent proceedings in parliament on private and public law, coordinates EU law harmonization process and is responsible for the quality of legislative drafting.

She is also a frequent lecturer of civil procedure for practitioners from various fields – patent attorneys, lawyers, court experts. She has supervised students participating in EU Moot Court competition. She is also conducting a curriculum directed to young judges and judge candidates by the Training Department of Supreme Court of Estonia.

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Karen K Burns

Karen is one of the stage hosts of Tallinn Digital Summit 2018. To make the attending of the summit as smooth as possible, together with Pärtel Peeter Pere she will guide you through the day, stage highlights and practical stuff. Karen is the Director of Business Development and CGI Estonia.



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Karmen Turk

Session: Do we need to regulate algorithms?

Karmen Turk is an attorney-at-law in TRINITI Law Firm with legal expertise in human rights, intellectual property, media and international and EU trade law. She also participates in resolving private law issues arising from the everyday economic activities of clients. During her law practise Karmen has advised on many notable media and IP-related court proceedings in Estonia. Karmen is one of the people behind the #krattlaw initiative.



Luukas Ilves

Session: (1) Safety and security in the age of artificial intelligence

Luukas Ilves is Deputy Director and Senior Fellow at the Lisbon Council, a Brussels-based think tank and policy network engaged in research and thought leadership addressing the economic and social challenges of the 21st century. Luukas’ work covers cyber security, e-government, Artificial Intelligence and the European digital agenda. He also chairs the Council of Europe’s work on the human rights and ethical dimensions of Artificial Intelligence.

Luukas has served in various policy positions, most recently as coordinator for digital and cyber policy during Estonia’s 2017 Presidency of the EU Council. Previously, he worked on the team of European Commission Vice President Neelie Kroes, as head of international relations for RIA, Estonia’s cybersecurity and e-government agency, and for the Estonian Ministry of Defence.

Luukas is a member of the Estonian Cyber Defense League (the cyber unit of Estonia’s nation guard) and a reserve officer in the Estonian Defense Forces. He is a graduate of Stanford University.


Marten Kaevats

Session: Do we need to regulate algorithms?

Marten Kaevats, is the national digital advisor in the Goverment Office of Estonia who studies the impact of various scalable technologies on the spatial behaviour of individual people and communities, as he believes that the third industrial revolution and the hyperlocal model of life will create reformatory changes to the spatial and social behaviour of people.

Marten has graduated from governmental talent management programme in 2017. He is educated as architect and city planner and in 2015 curated the Tallinn Architectural Biennale on Self Driven City.

Marten is also an active member of several civil society organisations; having among other things led the team that won second place at the design competition for the Monument to the Estonian War of Independence, he was also one of the founding members of the Uue Maailma Selts (New World Society) in 2007 and contributed to the creation of freeware community web platform Community Tools, established in 2008.

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Miguel Carrasco

Session: How to make AI work in governments and for the people?

Miguel focuses on public sector and technology advantage, specialising in areas such as digital transformation, service delivery and government efficiency and effectiveness. He joined BCG in May 2000 and has also worked in the Sydney, Melbourne and Paris offices.

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Pärtel Peeter Pere

Pärtel Peeter is one of the stage hosts of Tallinn Digital Summit 2018. To make the attending of the summit as smooth as possible, together with Karen K Burns he will guide you through the day, stage highlights and practical stuff.

Pärtel Peeter is the CEO and partner of  Future Place Leadership, a Nordic management consultancy for the development, innovation and marketing of places.

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Mckinsey Global Institute

The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI), the business and economics research arm of McKinsey & Company, was established in 1990 to develop a deeper understanding of the evolving global economy. MGI’s goal is to provide leaders in the commercial, public, and social sectors with the facts and insights on which to base management and policy decisions. Current research focuses on six themes: productivity and growth, natural resources, labor markets, the evolution of global financial markets, the economic impact of technology and innovation, and urbanization and infrastructure. The partners of McKinsey & Company fund MGI’s research; it is never commissioned by any business, government, or other institution.  In 2018 (and 2017) MGI served as a knowledge partner at Tallinn Digital Summit and shared its latest research through a briefing note „The promise and challenge of the age of artificial intelligence“.

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The Centre for Public Impact (CPI), a not-for-profit foundation, founded by The Boston Consulting Group, is committed to helping unlock the positive potential of governments and improve outcomes for citizens.

In 2018, the CPI contributed its expertise on how governments can use AI to improve outcomes for citizens, what appropriate governance structures may look like and how governments can strengthen the legitimacy of initiatives that involve AI.  Additionally, CPI facilitated a discussion focused on the application of Artificial Intelligence within government, held a tech talk  and prepared a briefing note on the topic as well as some real use cases of where AI has already been applied in different government entities.


The European Centre for International Political Economy (ECIPE) is an independent and non-profit policy research think tank dedicated to trade policy and other international economic policy issues of importance to Europe. It is founded on the principles of free trade and supports progressive reduction of economic barriers. To date, ECIPE is the only think-tank in Brussels focusing on International trade. ECIPE’s mission is to subject international economic policy, particularly in Europe, to rigorous scrutiny of costs and benefits, and to present conclusions in a concise, readily accessible form to the European public – so that better understanding of complex issues in concrete situations can lead to intelligent discussions and improved policies. At TDS2018 Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, director of ECIPE prepared a policy brief and facilitated a leaders-only session on data and trade.

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The Lisbon Council for Economic Competitiveness and Social Renewal asbl is a Brussels-based think tank and policy network. Established in 2003 in Belgium as a non-profit, non-partisan association, the group is dedicated to making a positive contribution through cutting-edge research and by engaging political leaders and the public at large in a constructive exchange about the economic and social challenges of the 21st century.

At TDS2018, the Lisbon Council prepared a briefing note and moderated a roundtable session on „Safety and security in the age of artificial intelligence“.